Banana cultivation techniques Which steps are included? What should be noted in the process of caring for a banana tree to grow fast and at the same time less pests and diseases? In this article, #wikiohana will work with people to learn effective banana cultivation techniques – high yield.
1. Need to prepare before planting bananas
1.1 Selection of varieties
As you know, in the current market, there are many varieties of bananas with high yield and favored by the market. These include pepper banana, moldy banana, porcelain banana, Laba banana,…. People depend on the situation of local seed sources, as well as preferences to choose varieties.
Proceed to choose fat banana trees, healthy, at the same time free from pests. The average height is about 0.8 – 1m. Perform pruning, leaving only 2-3 leaves on the plant.
To ensure that bananas are less pests and diseases in the future, farmers should use drugs Benlat C or Bordeaux 2% to kill bacteria before planting.
1.2 Time to plant and prepare soil
The right time to start planting is early in the rainy season. At this time the tree will be provided with enough water and also save effort watering. One feature that people should note is that the soil needs to be spongy, well ventilated and able to drain well.
However, if people can ensure a favorable water source, they can plant bananas at any time of the year. As for Cau bananas, the mandatory planting time is May to June of the solar calendar.
The size of the standard planting holes is 40x40x40 cm. Applying 4-5kg of decomposed manure, along with a little lime. People do this about 15-20 days before planting to treat the pathogens in the soil.
1.3 Which climate is suitable for growing bananas?
Banana tree is especially suitable for tropical monsoon climate. 20-30 degrees C is the ideal temperature for banana plants to grow and develop. Bananas should not be planted in flood prone areas. Although it is a moist plant, if it is submerged in water for a long time, the banana will weaken and die.
Monthly rainfall of 200 – 230mm will provide enough water for the plant. If the time does not rain, farmers need to add water to irrigate the plants. In the rainy and stormy seasons, the banana tree is a herbaceous plant, so it cannot stand up in heavy rain and wind. People need to take measures against bamboo trees. In addition, when planting, it is necessary to choose the harvest time so that the harvest time does not coincide in the rainy season, leading to reduced yield.
2. Banana growing and care techniques
In the planting technique, the distance between the banana trees will depend on the variety of banana selected. It can be mentioned that with the sapodilla banana is 3m x 3m, the old banana is 2.5mx 2.5m, the areca banana is closer together 2m x 2m, …
When planting, farmers put banana seedlings or shoots in a hole about 15 – 20 cm below the ground. Before planting, make sure there is no water in the hole. Next, cover the base of the banana with soil, using loose and well-drained soil.
2.2 Caring for the banana tree
With newly planted banana trees, watering every 2 days. When the bananas reach maturity, watering 2 times a week to provide enough water for the plant.
In the rainy season, people water little or even do not need to water the plants. Along with that is the need to pay attention to the drainage system in the garden. Make sure the plant is not inundated for several days. If it is flooded, it is necessary to have measures to open the stream, helping to drain water quickly.
In order for the banana tree to develop well, for large sweet fruits, fertilizer is indispensable. Local people need to fertilize before planting, and top dressing during plant development.
In one crop, the ideal amount of fertilizer per banana base consists of: 200-250g K, 50 gr P and 150 – 200 gr N.
During the development of bananas, the pruning of shoots plays an important role. After the banana tree is 5 months old, the pruning should be done regularly once a month.
People should choose sunny days to prune shoots. Simply use a knife strapped to the side of the banana tree to pause the growth of the banana tree.
Breaking corn-shielding and supporting plants
– After the banana tree appears 1-2 neutrals, it is the time to break the corn. Local people conduct it at noon to avoid losing a lot of resin.
During this time, people can spray Decis and Mancozeb 0.1% more to prevent some diseases of banana trees.
– For planting areas with high winds and a lot of rain, the protection against trees is very important. The goal is to keep the banana standing. If the stem is too large and the stem is not supported, it will lead to a broken stem.
– Use bamboo trees, large litter to support the body. Ensure the tree is always in a standing state.
See more :
3. Prevent pests and diseases of banana trees
Like other plants, during the development process, bananas can not avoid pests and diseases. People need to find out first to take timely preventive measures. Here are some common pests and diseases on banana trees, for reference.
– Root borer: Bananas need to be cleaned regularly, along with removing rotten leaves and dead leaves. In addition, it is necessary to spread Furadan or Basudin around the base of the tree to overcome the root borer.
– Leaf winding worm: It is necessary to cut off leaves that are wound by worms. Along with that is finding and catching worms, avoiding to spread to other banana clusters.
– To prevent this disease, farmers need to spray Decis or Sherpa 25 EC in the flowering and small fruit stage.
Nematode Disease: When a plant is found to be a disease, it should be removed immediately from the garden. Along with that is spreading Basudin or Furadan about 25-35kg / ha. To limit this disease in the development of plants, farmers need to treat seedlings carefully before planting.
– Leaf spot disease: Use Bordeaux 2% or Benomyl to spray regularly 2 – 4 times a week. In addition, it is important to clean the banana garden and pay attention to the drainage system.
4. Proceed to harvest and preserve
The time from the start of planting to the wrong banana fruit is about 6-10 months. Next until the banana is harvested about 30-45 days depending on the type of banana.
In the process of harvesting, people need to perform skillfully. Absolutely not be scratched, as this will quickly spoil and not for long.
Thus, in the article on wikiohana.net, they together with people to learn detailed banana cultivation techniques. Along with that are notes in the process of caring for bananas to grow fast, for high fruit yield.
Bananas are known to be rich in many healthy nutrients. Along with that is the demand for bananas of the market increasingly high. Banana planting is the right direction. Hopefully after a few months, you will have a green banana garden that is good for many fruits.
Happy successful people!
Updated June 17, 2020
>Source link < Banana planting techniques achieve high yield - fast harvest >