Okra is a delicious fruit that has a very different flavor than other beans. Best of all, they are easy to grow. Therefore, just a few simple steps you can grow corn thresh at home already!
The following article, wikiohana will guide you how to grow okra At home, let the tree bear fruit, less pests and fruit, more nutrients!
1. Some information before planting okra
Due to the characteristics of living in the tropics and subtropics, you should plant 2 crops a year to get the best yield!
Spring crop: You sow seeds from February to March and will be harvested from May to September.
– Winter-spring crop: You sow seeds from July to August, and start harvesting from September to February next year.
If you sow the seeds later, the plant will flower early and produce not as productive as you would like.
See also: how to grow grapes
Choose a variety of okra
Okra, like some other plants, you can use the seeds from old fruits or buy them at the market or supermarket. Or you can use branches to plant. But if you are planting it for the first time, use the seeds to plant it!
To get big, delicious and quality fruit, you need to choose very good seeds at first. You choose the old okra and dry them. After peeling, you will see the seed layer. You choose large, shiny, shiny seeds to sow. These seeds will give a higher germination rate.
The right temperature
Once the seeds have germinated, the best temperature is between 30 and 35 degrees. Also during plant growth, you should keep the temperature above 20 degrees for the best growth. However, if you let the temperature above 35 degrees prolong the flowering time and the number of burning plants will increase. Otherwise, fruit yield will decrease.
Land for planting
For the okra to thrive, plant it in sandy, light, or medium-heavy soils. The soil should have a pH between 5.5 and 6.8. The soil can be mixed with fish manure, humus wood, poultry manure, coir, worms, …
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2. Techniques of growing okra at home
See also: effective ginger cultivation
Planting by seeding method
In order for the seeds to sprout, you should soak them in cold 2 boiling 3 water. When they are full of water, leave them in a damp towel for about half a day. When the seeds crack, you can sow them!
Note that you should cover the pot’s surface after sowing seeds in the soil. When you see the seeds sprouted, remove the cover. During sowing, you need to regularly check the soil moisture. If the soil is too dry or too moist the seeds will germinate poorly.
After about 2 or 3 days, the seeds will start to germinate. When the seedlings are 7 or 10 days old (the plant is about 5cm to 10cm), you can plant it. Each pot should only keep 1 to 2 plants to plant, pull out the stunted plants.
Move plants away from nursery
Until the plant is about 20 cm, move the plant to the garden. When coming to new planting land, you should not plant trees, but should apply a layer of inorganic fertilizers.
After you’ve planted the tree, you should water it so that the plant can take root quickly. After that, you should water regularly in the morning and afternoon to maintain moisture. After a few days you should see the greenery return.
3. How to take care of okra
To achieve high yield of okra, you should water in the morning and afternoon to keep the plant moist enough. In addition, you should add a layer of inorganic fertilizer to plant enough nutrients to grow. After about 7 days, the tree will grow tall and develop. At this point you just continue to fertilize the tree. And about once every 15 days, fertilize the plant once until it blooms.
When the leaves are old, they will be dark green. If you find your tree has too many dense branches and leaves, prune it. This will help the rig clear, the tree is “light”, creating a large space for the tree to grow, convenient for flowering and fruit set. Just a few days later you will see signs of flowering.
You should keep watering the plant 2 times in the morning and afternoon. And you need to regularly keep the humidity of the water between 80 and 85% during plant growth and collection.
Pests and diseases on okra
Okra is often attacked by types such as stink bugs, aphids, anthracnose, anthracnose, … Therefore, you need to regularly check your okra to get timely control to keep the plants of consistent quality.
If you encounter fruit borer you should spray Sherpa 20EC or Cyperan 25EC. When you meet aphids, you take Bsssa and Trebon. If it’s anthracnose, you should spray Score 250EC or Antracol. Or for rust, use Anvil 5SC or Score 250EC.
4. Harvest and preserve okra
Only about 1 week after the tree appears young fruit that you can harvest it. At that time, the fruit had grown a lot on the tree. And the length of the fruit when harvested is about 15 to 20cm.
When you have planted okra for 50 to 60 days, you can start to harvest. You should collect into many litters. Each harvest you need to consume in about 1, 2 days. If left too long, the fruit will age.
How to preserve fresh okra
– After harvesting, each okra you wrap a layer of paper and put in the refrigerator cooler.
– You can put all the okra in a plastic bag and put in the refrigerator in the refrigerator to use gradually.
These 2 ways of preserving will help okra after harvest keep its freshness and deliciousness for 4 to 5 days.
Health benefits of okra
Like other vegetables, okra is rich in fiber, both soluble and insoluble. You know, 1 cup of cooked okra provides 2 grams of fiber. Raw okra contains up to 3.2g of fiber. Therefore, okra has a very good digestive aid, laxative effect, pain relief, ulcers and inflammation.
And yet, okra also contains vitamins A, C and a variety of other minerals such as Calcium, Potassium, Magnesium. These minerals are extremely healthy, skin, hair and eye health!
Especially for those with weak, sensitive stomach, okra is an extremely nutritious dish. And yet, in okra, folic acid has the ability to prevent menstrual tube defects and fetal defects. Therefore, pregnant mothers should use okra often!
In addition, the oil in okra has the ability to penetrate into the joints, lubricating the joints. So okra will help users limit arthritis, dry joints or the aging process of bones.
Video how to grow okra effectively at home
With this article, wikiohana has been with you to learn about how to grow okra at home is simple! In addition, the article also helps you know how to care for high yield plants. Or how to preserve okra after harvesting. Not only that, you also know the great benefits of okra, right?
So hurry up and prepare the best seeds for planting this weekend!
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