Referring to Taiwanese mangoes, people immediately think of mangoes with large, meaty, thin seeds that taste extremely sweet and delicious. Whether it’s green or ripe when eaten, it is delicious. Because of these advantages, today Taiwanese mangoes are grown in many places in our country.
Taiwanese mango Since the name already knows, it is imported varieties, its advantages are quite many, compared to our mango variety. For example, silk fruit, beautiful design, thick but sweet flesh, thin seeds, cool aroma, not pungent.
In order for you to know the outstanding features as well as how to plant this plant in accordance with the correct technique, we would like to send you this article. Please read it right now!
1. What are characteristics of Taiwan mangos? Shape of Taiwan mango
Compared with traditional mango varieties, Taiwanese mangoes have a much faster growth and development rate. Compared to any other mango variety, even Taiwanese mangoes are much more resistant to pests and diseases. Moreover, this mango variety is highly adaptable. Whether it is lightly salty soils or acidic soils, it can grow and develop well.
What many people like about this mango variety is its ability to produce fruit all year round regardless of the season or season. Calculate the time from planting to when the fruit can be harvested is relatively short. From planting to harvest, it is only about 18 to 20 months.
A large Taiwanese mango, if well cared for, can weigh between 1 and 1.2 pounds is normal. But whether the fruit is large or small, the pulp is thick, the seeds are flat, the meat is sweet, fragrant, with little fiber, and the skin is thin.
Taiwanese mango, even when eaten green, is still sweet, not sour or pungent like many other varieties. In addition to being used as a fresh fruit, it is also used as an industrial ingredient in food processing jam, dried or mango-flavored juice production. The biggest advantage of Taiwan mango is always high yield and stability, good output, stable price, so it can be considered as a good economic development tree for farmers.
As mentioned, after about 18 months from planting, it is possible to start harvesting the fruit already. The first year can be collected once a year, but in the second year it can be collected 2 times a year. According to the calculation, 1 ha of mango produces 20 to 25 tons of fruit per year. Multiplying by the price from 25 to 35 thousand per kilogram depending on the time of sale, and then further subtracting the cost of investment and care, each year, a farmer has a profit of 500 million dong.
A mature Taiwanese mango tree can produce from 70 to 100 fruits, each fruit will weigh at least 1 kg may weigh more than 1.5 pounds. Although the fin nutrition of the tree is limited, so you should not put too much fruit on the fruit, which will reduce the quality of the fruit. Not only that, but the next.
When you first step into the growing or growing phase, you prepare the best conditions for the plant such as loose soil, rich in nutrients, high soil, good flood restriction, soil moist but well drained. Despite the high temperature, the mango still grows very well.
2. How are Taiwanese mangoes grown?
Taiwanese mangoes have the advantage of being extremely easy to adapt to a variety of soils and different environments. So whether growing them in the plains, midlands or high mountains is for high yields.
But of course for the maximum development of the tree, for many good quality fruits, it is necessary to carefully conduct the following steps.
Taiwan mango as well as other varieties of mango, sowing with seeds or using cuttings, branches are fine. However, people often use grafted tree because it quickly bears fruit and is also easier to grow.
For a Taiwanese mango tree to breed, the average height must be at least 40 to 60 centimeters, the tree selected for grafting must have grafted eyes, not be injured, grafted branches must ensure clear buds and buds. The transplant eye must be at least 15cm high.
When grafting, it only needs to leave 2 to 4 shoots, so that many plants will be dispersed with nutrients.
Planting season and spacing between plants
Normally, the best time to plant mangos is when the rainy season starts from May to July. Because this time, there will always be enough water to use.
The distance to grow a mango is not fixed, it will vary depending on the fertility of the soil. But usually, the density should be maintained around 6x6m or each tree is 8.9m apart.
Mangoes can be grown in a square. If you are planting DT-15, you only need to have a density of 3x3m 1 tree. But this also means that you need to prune more often.
If planting mangoes in high ground, it is best to spacing the tree to expand the canopy as well as improve the longevity of the tree.
Prepare the soil and planting hole
Prepare planting holes of 60x60x60 cm. Prepare a basal fertilizer consisting of 1 teaspoon of green alum, half a pound of powdered lime, a half pound of phosphorus, and 30 to 50 kg of decomposed organic fertilizer. Mix this mixture with the topsoil until evenly.
Leave this mixture on the bottom of the hole for 1 month to allow soil to absorb before planting. When planting, add about 2 pounds of compost to each hole.
Fertilize before planting
Fertilizer for each pit requires 1 to 2 pounds of phosphorus, 3 to 5 ounces of powdered lime, 1 ounce of potassium and 20 to 30 pounds of decomposed manure. Then bring this mixture to mix with the soil and then fill with the crater. This should be done 1 month before planting to ensure the soil can absorb the most nutrients.
The standard planting method
After digging the hole, it is necessary to dig another small hole in the middle of the hole. Use a sharp knife to cut the plastic bag outside the soil and then gently place the pot in the middle of the hole dug. Cover the roots with soil, then compact the surroundings.
Use two diagonal X-shaped stakes and then use a rope with the trunk to keep the tree upright, avoiding storm winds, causing the tree to die. Next, you should use straw or the dead leaves to cover the base of the plant and then water the plant to keep it moist. This layer of straw plays a role in keeping water in the base of the plant. During the first month after planting, it is necessary to regularly water the plants to keep them moist enough to stimulate new roots to develop.
3. The secret to effective mango care – fast fruit
Take care of plants periodically
During the planting process, it is necessary to regularly water enough for the plants at times such as when the dry season or the fruit is growing and preparing to enter the ripening stage, it is necessary to water the plants enough.
Along with that, it is necessary to regularly control weeds for plants by covering the stump with straw, leaves or green waste to prevent weeds from growing. After each heavy rain, it is necessary to dig up the scum.
In the spring season in January, January and the autumn season in August, September, attention should be paid to weed clean the plants. Each crop needs to cultivate the entire garden at least 1 time. A year need to conduct root plowing from 2 to 3 times.
Prune the tree
Mangoes in general or Taiwanese mangoes in particular are flowering plants with fruiting at the ends of branches, round canopy so that they can receive light from all directions to be most beneficial for flowering.
If you see that the mango tree has reached a height of 1m, you should prune the canopy to leave only about 80cm in height. When the tree has 7 or 8 branches, cut off leaving only 3 branches sticking out in different directions for secondary branches.
By the time the first branch reaches a length of 50 to 80 cm, continue pruning, just like the first pruning only keeps 3 branches. Similarly, from the 2nd branch, keep 3 3rd branches.
After pruning the 3rd branch, let the tree grow most naturally. This time the frame of the tree is very solid, the canopy of the tree will also spread out in a circular shape.
Each year, when the harvest is completed, it is necessary to cut off the branches of pests, the old branches, the weak branches, the branches hidden in the canopy. Even unbalanced branches need to be pruned to help the tree airy.
After harvesting, it is necessary to do the pruning step when the tree is flowering so that it can be easily handled.
Fertilize the plants
When the tree is young, it is only necessary to use 100 to 150g of NPK fertilizer of 20-20-15 + TE type to fertilize a tree stump once. In the first year, the seedlings are still weak, they can be mixed with water to dilute and then fertilize every 2 months.
When the tree is mature and the tree is in fruit stage, increase the amount of fertilizer for the tree to have enough power to feed the next crop.
If planting on fertile soil, it is important to limit over fertilizing with urea. Some types of mangoes, if they are over-applied with urea or potassium, not only are not delicious, they are also acrid and cracking very badly. If you accidentally apply too much urea, you should add CaSO4 and lime to the plant to balance it.
In order to limit the spread of disease, it is necessary to prune the pests or branches as soon as possible.
Prevention and treatment of pests and diseases for plants
In the process of growing Taiwanese mango, it is difficult to avoid the attack of the tree. Although no one wants it, this is what everyone encounters is just how to limit their influence to the tree only. At this time, it is necessary to treat plants from mild stage of disease, areas that are not affected by disease need to have proper control measures.
Here we would like to point out some diseases when growing Taiwanese mango you can encounter and how to treat them when plants encounter these diseases as follows.
If the disease makes the flowers black on the fruit, then black rot. If the flowers fall a lot, it is anthracnose. Drugs used to treat are Score 250 EC or Benlat C. Should be used when flowers begin to bloom and continue to use for 2 months. Each spray is 1 week apart. After 2 months, spray once a month.
White powder disease:
They will attack on flowers, leaves, and fruit and damage these organs. Especially flower clusters and fruit clusters are very vulnerable to strong attacks. Medicines used to treat are Anvil 5SC or Rhidomila MZ 72WP, …
Black soot disease:
This disease is caused by aphid secretions. Now use Trebon 2.5 EC or Bassa 50 EC. Copper-based fungicides can also be used.
In the rainy season, blight is very common. The most attacked target is leaves. The first step is to remove the diseased leaves and then spray Kasumin 2L or Rhidomil MZ 72 WP, …
Stem borer, branch borer:
For this disease you can use light traps to capture adult worms. Along with that, injecting drugs or having strong fumigation properties into the holes. A few drugs that can be referred to are Padan 95SP, or Actara 25 WG. Then cover the clay with clay to destroy young worms.
During the hot season it will release secretions to harm. This disease causes stunted plants to underdevelop. It also occurred from October of last year to June of next year. Medicines used to treat the disease are Gemini 24.5 EC, Bassa 50 EC, Supracide 40 EC, or Trebon 2,5 EC, …
Fruit flies are raging when the fruit is old. They cut the shell of the fruit and lay eggs in it, the worm will attack the flesh of the fruit from the inside and cause fruit rot, and the fruit will drop a lot. Should use Padan 95 SP, or Luc Son 0.26 DD, also possibly Sherpa 25 EC,
This disease is caused by a fungus called Dipldia Natalensis. They attack leaves, branches, and fruit. At first, when the branches are first, there will be dark spots and then gradually spread to the leaves. The infected leaves also turn brown and then roll up the edges.
Even pus can be found on diseased branches. Using a knife to split the branch will see brown stripes damaged by the plastic ducts of the diseased tree.
High humidity in the air is a favorable condition for the disease to develop. In the rainy season, the spread speed will be very fast. The fruit skin near the stem is dark in color, then the more severe the disease, the more widespread the black area becomes. Only a few days later the fruit was rotten.
Now to treat the disease, use boocdo periodically to spray as instructed when there are signs of disease. If the disease on the fruit can be dipped in borax to dilute the concentration of 0.006%.
Instructions for collection and storage
During the mango growing process, this should be the stage you are most looking forward to, right? But do not be impatient to collect the fruit when not old enough. The fruit is not qualified enough and not delicious.
Based on the planting time as well as the shape of the fruit that has not met the standards to be able to harvest when the fruit is old enough.
Older mangoes turn bright pink in color. This is the characteristic color of the near-ripening fruit of a Taiwanese mango. Now you can reap it. The best harvesting time is when it is cool and there is no rain. Harvested fruits need to be classified into each category for convenient storage.
If the mangoes you are transporting over the long haul, put them in crates or crates. Each layer of mango needs to be lined with a layer of straw to avoid spoiling the mango. Each box is only loaded up to 5 layers of fruit only.
After harvesting, it is necessary to clean the canopy, old branches and deep branches to be removed immediately. After that, we started to take care of the tree so that the tree could recover immediately.
So you have got the basic information about Taiwanese mango and how to grow and take care of them, right? Really not difficult at all, right? We believe that with the meticulous work we instructed you will be successful in growing Taiwanese mangoes!
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